In this paper, we have conducted a comparative analysis of anonymous online market between Chinese and English speaking communities. First, we collect public data of multiple Chinese and English anonymous online markets. Then, we conduct a comparative analysis of the Chinese and English anonymous online markets from three aspects: market operation mechanism, market security mechanism, and goods sales siuation. We find that Chinese and English anonymous online markets are both affected by factors such as market demand and relevant laws and regulations, and there are differences in the goods sales situation. In contrast, English anonymous online markets are relatively mature in market operation mechanism and market security mechanism, while Chinese anonym us online markets are still on their developing stage. We finally discuss the impact of law enforcement agencies’ crackdown on Chinese and English anonymous online markets, as well as the focus and methods of Chinese and English anonymous online market governance.